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Northwest Transportation Advertisement.

April 15, 1889, Winnipeg Free Press, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Presentation of Minerals.

NIAGARA FALLS, Ont., April 13,-The Government has presented the commissioners of the Queen Victoria Niagara Falls free park with the splendid collection of Provincial minerals which was exhibited last summer at the Cincinnati Centennial. The exhibit will be open to the public free of charge after the 1st of May next. This is the beginning of what will form at the Falls a grand provincial museum, including natural history, forestry and manufactured products of all kinds.

Canadian Excursionists

June 21, 1890, American Settler, London, United Kingdom

Lake of Thousand Islands. Ontario. Canada.

A good deal of unpleasant feeling has been excited by an incident which has just occurred at Kingston, in Ontario.

A party of Canadian excursionists had hired an American steamer to make a trip through the Lake of the Thousand Islands, and had also engaged the band of Battery A of the Canadian Artillery; Colonel Cotton, commanding the battery, ordered the American flag displayed by the steamer to be removed before his men went aboard; but as the captain of the vessel refused to do this the colonel declined to allow the band to accompany the excursionists.

Lake of a Thousand Islands.

The thousand Islands actually number 1865 in a 50 mile span between Kingston and Brockville. Some are not much more than rocky shoals, while others are very large, such as Wolfe Island, 27 miles long by 9 miles wide; and Howe Island, 9 miles long by 3 miles wide. Both of these islands have year-round residents and are serviced by ferry boats from the mainland. Both have farms on them, some of them having been in the same family for many generations. Even some of the smaller islands have year round residents.

The instructions given to the U.S. cutter Bear on entering Alaskan waters only differ from those of last year, that captured vessels are to be dismantled, so as to prevent any repetition of the offence during the season. The commander is to warn all persons against entering Behring Sea for the purpose of violating the laws of the United States therein, and particularly the law which provides that no person shall kill any fur seal" within the limits of Alaska Territory or the waters thereof."

The Canadians are preparing to fish and circumvent the cruiser by sending away their catches in a swift steamer that can outstrip the U.S. cruisers. By this means they hope to fish with success and to carry away the spoils.

Alaskan Island Seals


The Standard's New York correspondent cables: "Mr. Blaine is endeavouring to persuade Great Britain that seals born on the Alaskan Islands belong to the United States, and that the right
of the States to follow them for their protection should be extended beyond the conventional maritime league. Great Britain dissents from this view, and has also stated that her opinion is unchanged in regard to the dismantling of British sealers caught fishing by the United States cruisers."

Virginia will not pay if the State can help it, and Governor McKmney thinks he can figure out new way of beating the bondholders. The wits of lawyers and legislators are at work on fresh dodges. "We are by no means at the end of our resources," pays the Richmond Dispatch ; " a number of our best expedients yet remain to be tried." The Court is evidently tired of these expedients, for Justice Bradley, in delivering the opinion of the Court, spoke of the " controversy that has become a vexation." The bondholders will probably be thankful for the advautage these decisions give them, and the State will be in a more humiliating position now than before, if such a thing be possible. The Court decides that the bonds are legal, and that the state entered into a binding contract with its creditors when it enacted the law of 1871.

1899. World's Fleet. Boston Daily Globe

Lloyds Register of Shipping gives the entire fleet of the world as 28,180 steamers and sailing vessels, with a total tonnage of 27,673,628, of which 39 perent are British.

Great Britain10,990 vessels, total tonnage of 10,792,714
United States 3,010 vessels, total tonnage of 2,405,887
Norway 2,528 vessels, tonnage of 1,604,230
Germany 1,676 vessels, with a tonnage of 2,453,334, in which are included her particularly large ships.
Sweden 1,408 vessels with a tonnage of 643, 527
Italy1,150 vessels
France 1,182 vessels

For Historical Comparison
Top 10 Maritime Nations Ranked by Value (2017)

  Country # of Vessels







1 Greece 4,453 206.47 $88.0
2 Japan 4,317 150.26 $79.8
3 China 4,938 159.71 $71.7
4 USA 2,399 55.92 $46.5
5 Singapore 2,662 64.03 $41.7
6 Norway 1,668 39.68 $41.1
7 Germany 2,923 81.17 $30.3
8 UK 883 28.78 $24.3
9 Denmark 1,040 36.17 $23.4
10 South Korea 1,484 49.88 $20.1
Total 26,767 87.21 $466.9

The Project

Maritime Nations, Ships, Sea Captains, Merchants, Merchandise, Ship Passengers and VIPs sailing into San Francisco during the 1800s.



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Sources: As noted on entries and through research centers including National Archives, San Bruno, California; CDNC: California Digital Newspaper Collection; San Francisco Main Library History Collection; and Maritime Museums and Collections in Australia, China, Denmark, England, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Wales, Norway, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, etc.

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