The Maritime Heritage Project

World Harbors and International Migration from The Maritime Heritage Project.

Dear Maritime Heritage Visitors: This season The Project is asking visitors to help keep the site growing. While publications and prints to aid in your research are included (and bring in a few dollars per sale), the director is now "officially" asking if you will kindly donate. If everyone reading this right now gave $5, it would help provide additional names and stories to the more than 100,000 ship passengers arriving in San Francisco during the 1800s. This 18-year-old Project is free and is accessed from every country around the world. The Maritime Heritage Project (WikiMaritime.org, WikiMaritimeHeritage.org, WikiSeaports.org) is basically a one-person operation developed and managed by the now 70-year-old great-great-grandaughter of Captain James H. Blethen, Master Mariner. Costs include equipment, research materials and time. The Maritime Heritage Project is special: it keeps alive our history of shipping, commerce and migration during an era when more people changed locations than in any other century in the history of the world. It is a resource where all can research ancestry and find heretofore "lost" family members at no charge. If you have visited our site and found it of value, kindly take one minute to keep it growing. Thank you very much. ~~ D. A. Blethen Levy

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Ship's Store



Site Bibliography

Following is a partial list of books and publications referenced during the development of The Maritime Heritage Project.

Below that are world ports and maritime museums visited during the past 40 years. These publications are the the foundation for The Maritime Heritage Project. Other books are throughout the site.

Colored text indicates that publications may be available through Amazon.com just by clicking the link.

Non Fiction

Altrocchi, Julia Cooley The Spectacular San Franciscans
(Society in America series)
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
E.P. Dutton and Company
New York, 1949
Asbury, Herbert The Barbary Coast: An Informal History of the San Francisco UnderworldShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Originally published 1933
Numerous reprints exist
Bacon, Daniel Walking San Francisco on the Barbary Coast TrailShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Quicksilver Press
Revised 1997
Bateson, Charles Gold Fleet for California Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Forty Niners from Australia and New Zealand
Michigan State University Press
East Lansing, Michigan, 1963
Beebee, Lucius and
Clegg, Charles
Illustrated: Over 1000 Pictures
The American West: The Pictorial Epic of a ContinentShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. (Hear the Train Blow) E.P. Dutton and Company
New York, 1955
Camp, William Martin San Francisco: Port of GoldShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Doubleday & Company
New York, 1948
Carson, Rachel The Sea Around UsShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Originally published 1950
Reprints are readily available
Chandler, Arthur Old Tales of San FranciscoShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Kendall/Hunt Publishing
1977
Clark, Arthur Hamilton The Clipper Ship EraShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.: An Epitome Of Famous American And British Clipper Ships, Their Owners, Builders, Commanders And Crews 1843-1869
Originally published 1920s.
In 2009 an historical reproduction was curated for quality. Quality assurance was conducted on each of these books in an attempt to remove imperfections introduced by the digitization process. The book may have occasional errors that do not impede the value of information.
Cummins, Ella Sterling
with an Introduction to the Reprint by Oscar Lewis
Illustrated
The Story of the Files: A Review of California Writers and Literature (Classic Reprint)Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Originally published 1893
Reprinted by Yosemite Collections
San Leandro
1982
Cutler, Carl C.,
Forward by Chester W. Nimitz, Fleet Admiral, U.S. Navy
Queens Of The Western Ocean: The Story Of American's Mail And Passenger Sailing LinesShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. U.S. Naval Institute
Annapolis, 1961
Dana, Richard Henry
Harvard Classic. Edited by Charles W. Eliot, LLD
Two Years Before The Mast: A Personal Narrative Of Life At Sea P.F. Collier & Son Corp.
New York, New York, 1937
Davis, Sam A Miner's Christmas Carol and Other Frontier TalesShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Originally published 1886
Reprinted by Western Tanager Press, Santa Cruz, 1987
Dillon, Richard H.
with a foreward by William Hogan (Former Book Editor at the San Francisco Chronicle)
Embarcadero. Being a Chronicle of True Sea Adventures from the Port of San Francisco.Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.

Coward-McCann
New York, 1959

Dillon, Richard H. San Francisco Adventurers and VisionariesShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.  

Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Dillon, Richard H.

The seamen's lot became so horrible in this period that entire crews frequently jumped ship when a vessel came into port.

Shanghaiing Days: The Thrilling Account of 19th Century Hell-Ships, Bucko Mates and Masters, and Dangerous Ports-of-Call from San Francisco to SingaporeShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. 1961.
In the last quarter of the nineteenth century, the American Merchant Marine went into a tragic decline, and sailors were forced to serve under conditions that were little better than serfdom. Successful skippers had turned into slave drivers, cracking down on the sailors, sometimes even murdering their "hands."
Dobie, Charles Caldwell
Illustrated by E.H. Suydam
San Francisco's Chinatown D. Appleton-Century Company
New York/London, 1936
Engle, Eloise America's Maritime HeritageShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Naval Institute Press
Annapolis, Maryland, 1975
Epstein, Richard F. Old Mok: The Story of a Gold CampShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Dry Bones Press
San Francisco, California, 1995
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Fishlock, Trevor
Author of books on Wales, India, Russia, America and on 19th century exploration.
More Fishlock's Sea StoriesShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Trevor Fishlock has worked on assignment in 70+ countries and was staff correspondent of The Times in India and New York, and Moscow bureau chief for The Daily Telegraph.
Poetry Wales Press
Bridgerid, Wales, 2003
Fishlock, Trevor Wales and the WelshShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. 1972
Genthe, Arnold Genthe's Photographs of San Francisco's Old ChinatownShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. 1984
Gentry, Curt The Madams of San Francisco: An Irreverent History of the City By the Golden GateShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Originally published 1964
Reprints are readily available
Gibbs, James A., Jr. Shipwrecks of the Pacific CoastShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. 1957
Gleason, Madeleine Rowse The Voyages of the Ship Revere, 1849-1883
(Pacific Maritime History)
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
1994
Hansen, Gladys San Francisco AlmanacShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.: Everything You Want to Know About Everyone's Favorite City Chronicle Books
San Francisco, California, 1995
Hardy, A.C. The Wonderful Story of the SeaShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Odhams Press Limited
Long Acre, London
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Harlow, Frederick Pease
The Making of a Sailor or Sea Life Aboard a Yankee Square-RiggerShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Firsthand account of a sailor's life in the 1870s.
(Publication ... of the Marine Research Society, #17.)
Dover Publications
New York, New York, 1928
(Marine Research Society.)
Excellent description of the hard life of an American sailor in the 1870s. Harlow, from New England, describes his first coastal voyage on a schooner, down the coast and up the Chesapeake and the Potomac. Then he tells of his long voyage to Australia on a square rigger. Well documented with sea chanteys, pictures and explanatory footnotes.
Howe, Octavius Thorndike Argonauts of '49: History and Adventures of the Emigrant Companies from Massachusetts 1849-1850 Cambrdige
Harvard University Press, 1928
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Hjalmarson, Birgitta
Artful Players: Artistic Life in Early San FranciscoShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Balcony Press
Los Angeles, California
1999
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Hughes, Robert
The Fatal Shore: The Epic of Australia's FoundingShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Alfred A. Knopf
New York, 1987
The history of the birth of Australia which came out of the suffering and brutality of England's convict transportation system. 16 pages of illustrations and 3 maps.
Kalani, Lyn and
Sweedler, Sarah
Fort Ross and the Sonoma Coast
(CA) (Images of America)
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Arcadia
San Francisco, California, 2004
Latta, Estelle
in collaboration with Mary L. Allison
Controversial Mark HopkinsShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.: The Great Swindle of American History Cothran Historical and Research Foundation
Sacramento, California
Duke University, 1953/1963
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Laxton, Edward
The Famine Ships: The Irish Exodus to AmericaShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Henry Holt and Company
New York, 1996
Between 1846 and 1851, more than one-million people--the potato famine emigrants--sailed from Ireland to America. This book tells of the courage and determination of those who crossed the Atlantic in leaky, overcrowded sailing ships. Among them the child Henry Ford and the twenty-six-year-old Patrick Kennedy, great-grandfather of John F. Kennedy.
Levy, Jo Ann They Saw the Elephant: Women in the California Gold RushShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. 1992.
Lewis, Oscar Sea Routes To The Gold Fields - The Migration By Water To California In 1849-1852Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Originally published 1849
Numerous reprints are available
Lubbock, Basil
Introduction by Alan Villiers, Illustrated by Jack Spurling
Best of SailShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Grosset & Dunlap
New York, 1972
Markham, Edwin California Songs and StoriesShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Powell Publishing Company
Los Angeles, California
1931
Paine, Ralph Delahaye The Old Merchant Marine; A Chronicle of American Ships and SailorsShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Republished as a Kindle Edition.
Masefield, John Sea Life In Nelson's TimeShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Naval Institute Press
Annapolis, Maryland, 2002
McCreery, Cindy Ports of the World : Prints from the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich c.1700-1870Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Philip Wilson Publishers
1999
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
McNutt, James C.
National Geographic Greatest Photographs of the American West: Capturing 125 Years of Majesty, Spirit, and AdventureShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. National Geographic, 2012
Divided into four chapters--Legends, Encounters, Boundaries, and Visions-- National Geographic photography, past and present, brings the American West alive through the best of its collection.
Miller, Kerby and Patricia Mulholland Journey of Hope: The Story of Irish Immigration to AmericaShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Chronicle Books
San Francisco, California, 2001
Mjelde, Michael Jay The San Francisco waterfront in 1872--annotatedShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.  
Mjelde, Michael Jay Clipper Ship Captain: Daniel McLaughlin and the Glory of the SeasShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Assn of the National Maritime Museum Library: Pacific Maritime History Series #3, 1993
Muir, John The Mountains of California (The Writings of John Muir volume 4, Volume 1)Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Ten Speed Press
Berkeley, California
Niven, John The American President Lines and Its Forebears, 1848-1984: From Paddlewheels to ContainershipsShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. University of Delaware Press
1987
O'Brien, Robert
Illustrated by Antonio Sotomayor
California Called Them - A Saga Of Golden Days And Roaring CampsShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
McGraw-Hill Book Company
New York, 1951
Olmstead, Roger R.
("Lavishly Illustrated")
Scenes of Wonder & Curiosity From Hutchings' California Magazine, 1856-1861Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Howell-North Books
Berkeley, California, 1951
Paasch, Captain H. Paasch's Illustrated Marine DictionaryShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Originally Published 1885 by the Captain in Antwerp.
Lyons & Burford/Conway Maritime Press, 1997
Pickelhaupt, Bill Shanghaied in San FranciscoShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.  
Rathmell, George Realms of Gold : The Colorful Writers of San Francisco, 1850-1950
(California Literary Heritage)
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Creative Arts Book Company
Berkeley, California, 1998
Repplier, Agnes Junipero Serra: Pioneer colonist of CaliforniaShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Doubleday Doran & Co.
Garden City, New York, 1913
Rogers, John C. Origins of Sea TermsShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Mystic Seaport Museum, 1985
Rowe, William Hutchinson The Maritime History of MaineShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.: Three Centuries of Shipbuilding and Seafaring W.W. Norton & Company
New York, New York, 1948
Sandweiss, Martha A. The Oxford History of the American WestShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.  
Rathmell, George Realms of Gold : The Colorful Writers of San Francisco, 1850-1950 (California Literary Heritage)Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Creative Arts Book Company
Berkeley, California, 1998
Shafter, Oscar Lovell Life, Diary And Letters Of Oscar Lovell Shafter: Associate Justice, Supreme Court Of California (1915)Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
January 1, 1864 to December 31, 1868
Blair-Murdock Company
San Francisco, California, 1915
Sobel, Dava Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His TimeShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.  
Soule, Frank
Gihon, John H., M.D.
Nisbet, James
The Annals of San Francisco:
A Complete Facsimile Edition of the Original Work Published in 1855 by D. Appleton & Company

History of San Francisco.
Containing a Summary of the History of California, and a Complete History of San Francisco, Its Great City: To Which Are Added, Biographical Memoirs of Some Prominent CitizensShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.

Berkeley Hills Books
Berkeley, California, 1998
Strobridge, William F. Regulars in the Redwoods: The U.S. Army in Northern California 1852-1861
(Frontier Military Series)
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Arthur H. Clark Company
Frontier Military SEries Volume XVI, 1994
Tryckare, Tre The Lore of ShipsShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Crescent Books
New York, 1973
Twain, Mark The Innocents Abroad: or, The New Pilgrims' Progress
(Modern Library Classics)
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Originally published 1869
Many reprints exist.
Winchester, Simon The Map That Changed the World: William Smith and the Birth of Modern GeologyShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Avon Books
New York, 2001
Yung, Judy Unbound Feet: A Social History of Chinese Women in San FranciscoShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. University of California Press
Berkeley, California, 1995
     
Fiction
Gregory, Philippa A Respectable TradeShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
A Novel of the Slave Trade into Bristol England, 1700s
Touchstone
New York, 1998
Kneale, Matthew English Passengers: A NovelShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
(Booker Prize Finalist)
Anchor Books/Random House
New York, 2001
Buy at Art.com
Sitka, or New Archangel, Capital of Alaska in 1869
when the U.S. purchased the land from Russia
L'Amour, Louis

SitkaShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.

 

First published 1957
Numerous reprints exist.
Margolin, Marcolm The Way We Lived: California Indian Stories, Songs & ReminiscencesShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Heyday Books
Berkeley, California, 1981
Marryat, Frederick Peter SimpleShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
Peter Simple; and, The Three Cutters, Vol. 1-2Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.

 
Melville, Herman Moby-Dick: or, The Whale
(Penguin Classics Deluxe Edition)
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
First published 1851, London
Numerous reprints exist, including illustrated versions
Moberg, Vilhelm Emigrants: The Emigrant Novels Book 1 (The Emigrant Novels / Vilhelm Moberg, Book 1)Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.: A Novel Translated from the Swedish by Gustaf Lannestock Simon and Schuster
New York, 1951
Solley, George C.
Selected and Arranged by George C. Solley and Eric Steinbauch
Moods of the Sea: Masterworks of Sea PoetryShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Naval Institute Press
1981
Wallace, Willard M. The Raiders: A Novel of the Civil War at SeaShips, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports. Little, Brown and Company
Boston, Massachusetts, 1970

Other Publications

In addition to the books noted, primary sources for shipping news have been:
°The Daily Alta California and The San Francisco Chronicle microfiche records in the Main Branch of the San Francisco Public Library.
° Documents from the J. Porter Shaw San Francisco Martime Library, San Francisco.
° The California Historical Society
° Hutchings California Magazine
° The Oakland Museum of California
° Logs and documents from The National Archives and Records Administration, San Bruno, California.
° Secondary publications have included newspapers from Boston, New York, and occasionally New Orleans.

Maritime Museums Visited

° Boston: Boston National Historic Park
° America: California: San Francisco Maritime Museum and National Park
° America: Connecticut: Mystic Seaport Musuem at Mystic
° America: Maine: Searsport Maritime Museum
° America: New York: South Street Seaport Museum
° Australia: Brisbane Maritime Museum
° British Columbia: Maritime Museum of B.C., Vancouver Maritime Museum
° Caribbean: Curacao Maritime Museum, Willemstad, Curacao
° Channel Islands: Lighthouse
° England, Greenwich Maritime Museum
° France: Maritime Museum at Nice
° French Polynesia: Moorea Maritime Museum
° New Zealand National Maritime Museum, Auckland

World Ports Visited

° America

- California (Bodega Bay, Fort Ross, Los Angeles, Monterey, Morro Bay, San Diego, San Francisco — all coastal cities, actually)
- Florida (Key West and Miami)
- Hawaii (All Islands)
- Illinois (Chicago)
- Louisiana (New Orleans)
- Maine (all coastal cities), Maryland (Baltimore)
- Massachuetts (Boston, Salem)
- New Jersey (all coastal cities)
- Louisiana (New Orleans)
- Oregon (Portland and all coastal cities)
- Washingon (Seattle and all coastal cities)

° Australia: Brisbane, Cairns, Port Douglas
° Bahamas: Nassau
° British Columbia: Vancouver Island
° Caribbean: Aruba, Curacao, Grenada, Barbados, St. Vincent/Grenadiens, St. Thomas, Puerto Rico, Jamaica
° Channel Islands (English Channel): Guernsey, Jersey, Sark
° Costa Rica: Coastal cities along the Atlantic
° England: Greenwich, London, Plymouth, Weymouth
° France: Monaco, Nice, Paris (upriver)
° Cook Islands: Roratonga
° Greece: Capri, Santorini
° Holland: Amsterdam, Den Haag
° Hong Kong, Kowloon and Macao
° Ireland: Dublin and coastal cities
° Italy: Civitacchia, Livorno, Naples, Venice
° Japan: Inland Sea villages, Tokyo,
° Mexico: Both coasts to Cabo San Lucas, Puerto Vallarta, Cancun, Playa del Mar, Sea of Cortez
° New Zealand: Auckland, Devonport
° Tahiti (French Polynesia): Bora Bora, Moorea
° Thailand: Bangkok (on the Chao Praya river), and coastal cities
° Turkey: Kusadasi
° Wales: Holyhead, Pembroke, Swansea

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Recommended Reading


Kindle Fire. Full Color.
Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.
"The Kindle Fire links seamlessly with Amazon's impressive collection of digital music, video, magazine, and book services in one easy-to-use package. It boasts a great Web browser, and its curated Android app store includes most must-have apps (such as Netflix, Pandora, and Hulu). The screen quality is exceptional for the price." ~~CNET

Many of the publications featured on this site are available free or at low cost for a Kindle reader; Others have been republished specifically for mobile devices and are quick and easy to download.

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Antique Map,
Orbis Geographica I

Art prints available by clicking on the image.

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Coming to America.
Coming to America:
A History of Immigration and Ethnicity in American Life
First Immigrants to America.
Roger Daniels

Your story begins as far back as you can imagine.