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Australia and the Gold Rush

A Commonwealth of Thieves: The Improbable Birth of Australia

Thomas Keneally
Keneally, author of "Shindler's List" and other books, relates the curious enterprise based on official records and personal journals of some of the participants. Thomas Keneally offers us a human view of the first four years of a fascinating piece of history: the convict settlement of Australia. Combining the authority of a renowned historian with a brilliant narrative flair, here is an inside view of this unprecedented experiment from the perspective of the new colony’s governor, Arthur Phillips. Using personal journals and documents, Keneally re-creates the hellish overseas voyage and the challenges Phillips faced upon arrival: unruly convicts, disgruntled officers, bewildered and hostile natives, food shortages, and disease. He also offers captivating portrayals of Aborigines and of convict settlers who were determined to begin their lives anew.

The Fatal Shore by Robert Hughes.

The Fatal Shore: The Epic of Australia's Founding

The Fatal Shore: Australia's Founding.

The birth of Australia from England's brutal convict transportation system.

Before the Mast: Life and Death Aboard the Mary Rose
(Archaeology of the Mary Rose)

The Mary Rose carried a crew of naval officers and sailors, a fighting force of gunners and soldiers, a Barber-surgeon, several ship's carpenters and skilled navigators. Of nearly 500 men, fewer than 40 survived the sinking on 19th July 1545

Shipwrecks - Australias Greatest Maritime DisastersShipwrecks - Australias Greatest Maritime Disasters.

Australia's Greatest Maritime Disasters. Shipwrecks. Evan McHugh.

From the first wreck in 1622 off Western Australia to the tragedy of the 1998 Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race Evan McHugh captures all the drama of Australia's maritime history. There are swashbuckling mutineers violent storms uncharted reefs enemy warships as well as ripping yarns about Dutchmen and lascars Aborigines and escaped convicts. In producing this remarkable book McHugh has made extensive use of first-hand accounts and contemporary records. With characteristic flair he also delves into the mysteries and controversies that still surround so many of the wrecks. Shipwrecks is a white-knuckle voyage through chaos and tragedy which proclaims the courage and strength of the human spirit. It is a powerful reminder that even in the twenty-first century the sea remains a great unconquered frontier.

Australia and the East: Being a Journal Narrative of a Voyage to New South Wales in an Emigrant Ship, with a Residence of Some Months in Sydney and ... India and Egypt in the years 1841 and 1842.Australia and the East.

Publisher: British Library, Historical Print Editions

The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom. It is one of the world's largest research libraries holding over 150 million items in all known languages and formats: books, journals,

Australian Cultural Studies: A ReaderAustralian Cultural Studies.

Cultural studies has emerged as a major force in the analysis of cultural systems and their relation to social power. "Rather than being interested in television or architecture or pinball machines themselves - as industrial or aesthetic structures - cultural studies tends to be interested in the way such apparatuses work as points of concentration of social meaning, as 'media' (literally)", according to John Frow and Meaghan Morris. Here, two of Australia's leading cultural critics bring together work that represents a distinctive national tradition, moving between high theory and detailed readings of localized cultural practices. This landmark volume cuts across myriad traditional disciplines.

Immigration.Immigration
(Researching American History)
Immigratin.

Joanne Weisman Deitch
Compelling firsthand accounts and primary source documents underpin the introduction to U.S. history in History Compass'' popular Research American History series. Personal memoirs and photos on immigration from the mid-1800s to the early years of the 20th century bring to life the story shared by many Americans.

This anthology includes historic photos from Jacob Riis, Lewis Hine, and others as well as poetry and songs.

A Genealogist's Guide to Discovering Your Immigrant & Ethnic Ancestors: How to Find and Record Your Unique Heritage

"Discovering your Ancestors" series provides clear, step-by-step instruction aimed at making this task easier. Each of these books starts by teaching the basics of sound genealogical research, then provides time-saving strategies for researching a particular ethnic group. There are tips on locating records both here and abroad, deciphering original documents, planning a research trip, and putting an ancestor's records in historical context.

Forty Niners Round the Horn by Charles R. Schuiltz.Ships, Shipping, Migration, World Seaports.

The author describes the preparations made for the trip, onboard provisions, and activities for the passengers such as types, quantity, and quality of food and drink; forms of entertainment; religious observances and the marking of national and state holidays and special occasions. He also records the challenges and discomforts inflicted by alternating hot and cold temperatures and frequent storms; disputes among passengers, crew members, and members of joint stock companies; and problems with vermin, theft, drunkenness, sickness, and death.

The book is very successful. No book rivals its descriptive depth about the experiences of the forty-niners at sea." ~ Mariner's Museum

Forty-Niners Round the Horn
(Studies in Maritime History)
Forty-Niners Round the Horn.
Charles R. Schultz
University of South Carolina Press

Forty-Niners 'round the Horn recounts the thrilling and at times harrowing adventure of fortune hunters who sailed from the east coast around Cape Horn to California during the gold rush of 1849. Charles R. Schultz paints a vivid picture of the eighteen-thousand-mile odyssey through several climatic zones. Drawing upon more than one hundred unpublished diaries, Schultz profiles the individuals who embarked on such journeys and demonstrates how markedly the gold rush voyages differed from general commercial trading and whaling ventures.

Incorporating excerpts from logbooks and journals, Schultz allows seamen and passengers to recount much of the experience in their own words. Of particular interest, he includes passages about their hopes upon embarkment, perceptions of such ports as Rio de Janeiro and Lima, and impressions of California.

The gold seekers, most of whom were men in their twenties, had never been away from home, much less on a lengthy voyage. They traveled in vessels of all sizes, with the number of passengers ranging from as few as ten to as many as two hundred. The voyages lasted between four and eight months, with most vessels making one or two stops for fresh provisions but a handful making no stops.

Prison Hulks.

Prison Hulk Portsmouth from America.

The hulks were old navy ships, anchored along the banks of the Thames and at ports such as Portsmouth and Plymouth. As the prison population increased, it was decided to use them as gaols. Parliament authorised their use for a two year period in 1776; they continued to house prisoners for 82 years!

Prison Hulk to Redemption: Part One of a Family History 1788-1900
Gerard Charles Wilson.
The author’s ancestors in Australia all came from the British Isles. Two came on the First Fleet in 1788 and none came later than the 1830s, or were less than great-great-grandparents. In the direct lines, the author has found nine convicts. He traces the life of each direct-line ancestor against the social and historical background of colonial Australia, giving a very different picture from that usually found in school history books.

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Sources: As noted on entries and through research centers including National Archives, San Bruno, California; San Francisco Main Library History Collection; Maritime Library, San Francisco, California, various Maritime Museums around the world.

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